Histopolis features a different cemetery, town, county or other place every
day on the Place-of-The-Day.
Wednesday, November 17, 2010
The Histopolis Place-of-the-Day for Wednesday, November 17, 2010 is Springfield National Cemetery in Springfield, Springfield Township, Greene County, Missouri.
"Springfield National Cemetery is located on what was once the Kickapoo Prairie in Green County, Mo.
"Settlers began arriving in southwest Missouri in 1822, making their way north up the James River and its tributaries. But it was only after removal of the Kickapoo and Delaware Indians in 1830 that permanent settlement became possible. John Polk Campbell is credited as the founder of Springfield. He arrived with his brother Madison in 1829, and upon finding a viable water supply carved his initials on an ash tree to establish his claim. Other settlers arrived almost daily and it was not long before a settlement developed, complete with stores, mills, a school and post office. By 1838 the town had been officially incorporated.
"In 1861, Springfield was the site of the Missouri State Convention to determine its future as part of the Union. The governor favored secession. Delegates urged approval of the Crittendon Resolutions (then before Congress), which would have legalized slavery where it already existed, and would let new states decide their own rights and would reimburse slave owners for losses caused by abolitionist raids. Delegates ultimately decided against secession and opposed any military action by either side; but if the federal government declared war on the South, they would join the Confederate ranks.
"The Battle of Wilson Creek, the first major Civil War engagement west of the Mississippi River, was fought in Springfield on Aug. 10, 1861, and involved about 5,400 Union troops and 12,000 Confederates. Although the battle was a Confederate victory, the South failed to capitalize on its success; it led to greater federal military activity in Missouri and set the stage for the Battle of Pea Ridge in March 1862.
"Many men who died at the Battle of Wilson Creek would eventually be buried at Springfield National Cemetery, established in 1867 when the city purchased five acres for a burial plot. In 1911, the Confederate Cemetery Association (CCA) donated six acres, two of which were enclosed by a stone wall. Along with the land came the provision that burials would be restricted to men who died serving the Confederacy. Through a series of amendments to this provision in 1948, 1957 and 1984, all eligible veterans are now permitted in this portion of the cemetery. An 1871 cemetery inspection report recorded 832 known and 689 unknown interments in the cemetery. It continued, “A very worthless superintendent was in charge last year, and the cemetery was sadly neglected. This year it has been put in good order.”
"Springfield National Cemetery was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999."
Source: Cemeteries - Springfield National Cemetery - Burial & Memorials
The Histopolis Grave Index for Springfield National Cemetery contains 13,314 entries with 4,753 unique surnames.
Explore Springfield National Cemetery on Histopolis now. If you have a place that you would like to see featured as the Histopolis Place-of-the-Day, contact the webmaster to suggest it.
|1||Riverside National Cemetery, Riverside County, California|
|2||Quincy National Cemetery, Quincy, Quincy Township, Adams County, Illinois|
|3||Fort Custer National Cemetery, Ross Township, Kalamazoo County, Michigan|
|4||Finns Point National Cemetery, Pennsville Township, Salem County, New Jersey|
|5||Fort McPherson National Cemetery, Maxwell Precinct, Lincoln County, Nebraska|
|6||Wood National Cemetery, Milwaukee, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin|
|7||Mound City National Cemetery, Mound City Precinct, Pulaski County, Illinois|
|8||West Virginia National Cemetery, Taylor County, West Virginia|
|9||Lebanon National Cemetery, Lebanon, Marion County, Kentucky|
|10||Rock Island National Cemetery, Moline Township, Rock Island County, Illinois|
|11||Little Rock National Cemetery, Little Rock, Big Rock Township, Pulaski County, Arkansas|
|12||San Joaquin Valley National Cemetery, Merced County, California|
|13||Marion National Cemetery, Marion, Center Township, Grant County, Indiana|
|14||Port Hudson National Cemetery, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana|
|15||Fort Mitchell National Cemetery, Russell County, Alabama|
|16||Mill Springs National Cemetery, Pulaski County, Kentucky|
|17||Springfield National Cemetery, Springfield, Springfield Township, Greene County, Missouri|
|18||Saint Augustine National Cemetery, Saint Augustine, Saint Johns County, Florida|
|19||Confederate Cemetery, Alton, Alton Township, Madison County, Illinois|
|20||Staunton National Cemetery, Staunton, Staunton City, Virginia|
|21||Soldiers' Lot, Woodland Cemetery, Mound City, Mound City Township, Linn County, Kansas|
|22||Soldiers' Lot, Baxter Springs Cemetery, Spring Valley Township, Cherokee County, Kansas|
|23||Puerto Rico National Cemetery, Bayamón, Bayamón Municipio, Puerto Rico|
|24||Los Angeles National Cemetery, Los Angeles County, California|
|25||Memphis National Cemetery, Memphis, Shelby County, Tennessee|
|26||Grafton National Cemetery, Grafton, Taylor County, West Virginia|
|27||Crown Hill Confederate Plot, Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis, Marion County, Indiana|
|28||Soldiers' Lot, Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Augusta, Kennebec County, Maine|
|29||Fort Bliss National Cemetery, El Paso County, Texas|
|30||Congressional Cemetery, Washington, District of Columbia|
Note: The first Place-of-the-Day was in September 2010