Histopolis Place-of-the-Day

Histopolis features a different cemetery, town, county or other place every day on the Place-of-The-Day.

Wednesday, November 17, 2010

The Histopolis Place-of-the-Day for Wednesday, November 17, 2010 is the Springfield National Cemetery in Springfield, Springfield Township, Greene County, Missouri.

"Springfield National Cemetery is located on what was once the Kickapoo Prairie in Green County, Mo.

"Settlers began arriving in southwest Missouri in 1822, making their way north up the James River and its tributaries. But it was only after removal of the Kickapoo and Delaware Indians in 1830 that permanent settlement became possible. John Polk Campbell is credited as the founder of Springfield. He arrived with his brother Madison in 1829, and upon finding a viable water supply carved his initials on an ash tree to establish his claim. Other settlers arrived almost daily and it was not long before a settlement developed, complete with stores, mills, a school and post office. By 1838 the town had been officially incorporated.

"In 1861, Springfield was the site of the Missouri State Convention to determine its future as part of the Union. The governor favored secession. Delegates urged approval of the Crittendon Resolutions (then before Congress), which would have legalized slavery where it already existed, and would let new states decide their own rights and would reimburse slave owners for losses caused by abolitionist raids. Delegates ultimately decided against secession and opposed any military action by either side; but if the federal government declared war on the South, they would join the Confederate ranks.

"The Battle of Wilson Creek, the first major Civil War engagement west of the Mississippi River, was fought in Springfield on Aug. 10, 1861, and involved about 5,400 Union troops and 12,000 Confederates. Although the battle was a Confederate victory, the South failed to capitalize on its success; it led to greater federal military activity in Missouri and set the stage for the Battle of Pea Ridge in March 1862.

"Many men who died at the Battle of Wilson Creek would eventually be buried at Springfield National Cemetery, established in 1867 when the city purchased five acres for a burial plot. In 1911, the Confederate Cemetery Association (CCA) donated six acres, two of which were enclosed by a stone wall. Along with the land came the provision that burials would be restricted to men who died serving the Confederacy. Through a series of amendments to this provision in 1948, 1957 and 1984, all eligible veterans are now permitted in this portion of the cemetery. An 1871 cemetery inspection report recorded 832 known and 689 unknown interments in the cemetery. It continued, “A very worthless superintendent was in charge last year, and the cemetery was sadly neglected. This year it has been put in good order.”

"Springfield National Cemetery was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999."

Explore Springfield National Cemetery on Histopolis now. If you have a place that you would like to see featured as the Histopolis Place-of-the-Day, contact the webmaster to suggest it.

November 2010

1Riverside National Cemetery, Riverside County, California
2Quincy National Cemetery, Quincy, Quincy Township, Adams County, Illinois
3Fort Custer National Cemetery, Ross Township, Kalamazoo County, Michigan
4Finns Point National Cemetery, Pennsville Township, Salem County, New Jersey
5Fort McPherson National Cemetery, Maxwell Precinct, Lincoln County, Nebraska
6Wood National Cemetery, Milwaukee, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin
7Mound City National Cemetery, Mound City Precinct, Pulaski County, Illinois
8West Virginia National Cemetery, Taylor County, West Virginia
9Lebanon National Cemetery, Lebanon, Marion County, Kentucky
10Rock Island National Cemetery, Moline Township, Rock Island County, Illinois
11Little Rock National Cemetery, Little Rock, Big Rock Township, Pulaski County, Arkansas
12San Joaquin Valley National Cemetery, Merced County, California
13Marion National Cemetery, Marion, Center Township, Grant County, Indiana
14Port Hudson National Cemetery, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana
15Fort Mitchell National Cemetery, Russell County, Alabama
16Mill Springs National Cemetery, Pulaski County, Kentucky
17Springfield National Cemetery, Springfield, Springfield Township, Greene County, Missouri
18Saint Augustine National Cemetery, Saint Augustine, Saint Johns County, Florida
19Confederate Cemetery, Alton, Alton Township, Madison County, Illinois
20Staunton National Cemetery, Staunton, Staunton City, Virginia
21Soldiers' Lot, Woodland Cemetery, Mound City, Mound City Township, Linn County, Kansas
22Soldiers' Lot, Baxter Springs Cemetery, Spring Valley Township, Cherokee County, Kansas
23Puerto Rico National Cemetery, Bayamón, Hato Tejas Barrio, Bayamón Municipio, Puerto Rico
24Los Angeles National Cemetery, Los Angeles County, California
25Memphis National Cemetery, Memphis, Shelby County, Tennessee
26Grafton National Cemetery, Grafton, Taylor County, West Virginia
27Crown Hill Confederate Plot, Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis, Marion County, Indiana
28Soldiers' Lot, Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Augusta, Kennebec County, Maine
29Fort Bliss National Cemetery, El Paso County, Texas
30Congressional Cemetery, Washington, District of Columbia



Note: The first Place-of-the-Day was in September 2010