Histopolis Place-of-the-Day

Histopolis features a different cemetery, town, county or other place every day on the Place-of-The-Day.

Friday, December 31, 2010

The Histopolis Place-of-the-Day for Friday, December 31, 2010 is the Chattanooga National Cemetery in Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee.

"On Dec. 25, 1863, Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas, “The Rock of Chickamauga," issued General Orders No. 296 creating a national cemetery in commemoration of the Battles of Chattanooga, Nov. 23-27, 1863. Gen. Thomas selected the cemetery site during the assault of his troops that carried Missionary Ridge and brought the campaign to an end. The land was originally appropriated, but later purchased, from local residents Joseph Ruohs, Robert M. Hooke and J. R. Slayton.

"The site Thomas selected was approximately 75 acres of a round hill rising with a uniform slope to a height of 100 feet; it faced Missionary Ridge on one side and Lookout Mountain on the other. Gen. Grant established his headquarters on the summit of the hill during the early phase of the four-day battle for Lookout Mountain.

"Chaplain Thomas B. Van Horne was placed in charge of the cemetery’s development. In a report of May 14, 1866, the chaplain indicated that one-third of the cemetery site could not be used for burials due to large rock outcroppings. As a result, he suggested a design dictated by the rocky terrain. Much was accomplished during Van Horne’s tenure at the cemetery. Flowering shrubs, evergreens and other trees were planted to replace a portion of the dense forest of oak trees that had been cut down as a part of the battleground. Each interment section consisted of a central site for a monument surrounded by plots for officers with the graves of enlisted personnel arranged in concentric circles around them. In 1867, it was designated Chattanooga National Cemetery.

"By 1870, more than 12,800 interments were complete: 8,685 known and 4,189 unknown. The dead included men who fell at the battles of Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain. There were also a number of reinterments from the surrounding area, including Athens, Charleston and locations along the line of Gen. Sherman’s march to Atlanta. A large number of men—1,798 remains—who died at the Battle of Chickamauga were relegated to unknowns during the reinterment process.

"In addition to Civil War veterans, there are 78 German prisoners of war buried here. Pursuant to provisions included in the peace treaty between the United States and Germany at the end of World War I, the German government sought the location and status of the gravesites of Germans who died while detained in the United States. An investigation conducted by the War Department found that the largest number of German POWs was interred at Chattanooga National Cemetery. For a short time, thought was given to removing all other German interments to Chattanooga. In the end, however, the German government decided that only 23 remains from Hot Springs National Cemetery should be reinterred here. The German government assumed the cost of disinterment and transportation to Chattanooga, and erected a monument to commemorate the POWs.

"Chattanooga National Cemetery was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1996."

Explore Chattanooga National Cemetery on Histopolis now. If you have a place that you would like to see featured as the Histopolis Place-of-the-Day, contact the webmaster to suggest it.

December 2010

DayPlace
1Pine Grove Cemetery, Rock River Township, Alger County, Michigan
2Hampton National Cemetery, Hampton, Hampton City, Virginia
3Woodlawn Monument Site, Terre Haute, Harrison Township, Vigo County, Indiana
4Salisbury National Cemetery, Salisbury, Salisbury Township, Rowan County, North Carolina
5Loudon Park National Cemetery, Baltimore, Baltimore City, Maryland
6Jacksonville National Cemetery, Jacksonville, Duval County, Florida
7Tahoma National Cemetery, King County, Washington
8Alexandria National Cemetery, Alexandria, Alexandria City, Virginia
9New Albany National Cemetery, New Albany, New Albany Township, Floyd County, Indiana
10Marietta National Cemetery, Marietta, Cobb County, Georgia
11Sacramento Valley VA National Cemetery, Solano County, California
12Baton Rouge National Cemetery, Baton Rouge, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana
13Fort Jackson National Cemetery, Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina
14Ohio Western Reserve National Cemetery, Rittman, Medina County, Ohio
15Veterans Cemetery, Jackson County, Oregon
16National Cemetery, Santa Fe, Santa Fe County, New Mexico
17Raleigh National Cemetery, Raleigh Township, Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina
18South Florida VA National Cemetery, Palm Beach County, Florida
19Soldiers' Lot, Woodlawn Cemetery, Middlesex County, Massachusetts
20Beaufort National Cemetery, Beaufort, Beaufort County, South Carolina
21Dallas - Fort Worth National Cemetery, Dallas, Dallas County, Texas
22Wilmington National Cemetery, Wilmington, Wilmington Township, New Hanover County, North Carolina
23Camp Nelson National Cemetery, Jessamine County, Kentucky
24Prescott National Cemetery, Prescott, Yavapai County, Arizona
25Glendale National Cemetery, Henrico County, Virginia
26Florence National Cemetery, Florence, Florence County, South Carolina
27National Cemetery of the Alleghenies, Cecil Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania
28Leavenworth National Cemetery, Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas
29National Cemetery, New York City, Brooklyn Borough, Kings County, New York
30Bay Pines National Cemetery, Pinellas County, Florida
31Chattanooga National Cemetery, Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee

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Note: The first Place-of-the-Day was in September 2010