Histopolis Place-of-the-Day

Histopolis features a different cemetery, town, county or other place every day on the Place-of-The-Day.

Saturday, October 16, 2010

The Histopolis Place-of-the-Day for Saturday, October 16, 2010 is the Black Hills National Cemetery in Unorganized Territory of Southwest Meade, Meade County, South Dakota.

"Black Hills National Cemetery is located three miles east of Sturgis, S.D., in the shadows of the Black Hills. This region is the homeland of the Lakota Sioux Indians who traversed the Great Plains before the advent of Europeans in the mid 18th century. French explorers first arrived in the early 1740s, and Spain acquired sovereignty over the region in 1762. The 1803 Louisiana Purchase gave the United States title to the region. Yet, until 1856 when Fort Randall was established, fur trappers and traders were the sole European settlers. Soon after, the towns of Vermillion and Yankton became permanent establishments, and by 1861 the Dakota Territory had been formed.

"The greatest rush of European immigration came in 1874 when gold was discovered in the Black Hills. A wave of prospectors flooded the area, radically transforming the region and causing disturbances as well as creating opportunities. Legally, the Black Hills had been closed to white settlement under the Treaty of Fort Laramie. The military, however, was in no position to halt the advancing settlers. In fact, it was the military that encouraged settlements when the 7th Cavalry, under Gen. George Custer, reported the discovery of gold.

"America's first transcontinental railroad was completed in May 1869 through the combined efforts of government and private corporations. Subsidiary rail lines such as the Dakota Southern Railroad, established in 1872, proved to be more important for bringing newcomers into the region. Between 1870 and 1890, the white population in the Dakota Territory increased six fold.

"The influx of settlers onto the Great Sioux Reservation culminated in a war of cultures at the Battle of Little Bighorn in June 1876. As a result of Custer's defeat, American Indians were forced to accept a reduction in their reservation land. This cleared the way for further development by settlers, which further angered the American Indians. As a result, the Fort Meade military reservation was established in the region shortly afterwards. The last serious cultural conflict began in the fall of 1890 with the death of Sitting Bull and ended with the massacre of hundreds of American Indians at Wounded Knee. Thus, barriers to settlement of the region eased.

"In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, new railroads were laid across the Dakotas and aided in the further development of numerous communities. In 1890, Pierre was chosen as the permanent capital of South Dakota. Twelve years later, in 1902, the Battle Mountain Sanitarium was established in nearby Hot Springs to aid in the care of veterans within the region. Cemeteries at both the Fort Meade Military Reservation and the former sanitarium eventually became a part of the National Cemetery System in 1973."

Explore Black Hills National Cemetery on Histopolis now. If you have a place that you would like to see featured as the Histopolis Place-of-the-Day, contact the webmaster to suggest it.

October 2010

1Whatcom County, Washington
2Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington County, Virginia
3Barrancas National Cemetery, Escambia County, Florida
4Calverton National Cemetery, Suffolk County, New York
5Fort Logan National Cemetery, Denver, Denver County, Colorado
6Golden Gate National Cemetery, San Bruno, San Mateo County, California
7Indiantown Gap National Cemetery, East Hanover Township, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania
8Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery, San Diego, San Diego County, California
9Houston National Cemetery, Harris County, Texas
10Alexandria National Cemetery, Pineville, Rapides Parish, Louisiana
11Alton National Cemetery, Alton, Alton Township, Madison County, Illinois
12Balls Bluff National Cemetery, Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia
13Baltimore National Cemetery, Baltimore County, Maryland
14Bath National Cemetery, Steuben County, New York
15Beverly National Cemetery, Edgewater Park Township, Burlington County, New Jersey
16Black Hills National Cemetery, Unorganized Territory of Southwest Meade, Meade County, South Dakota
17Cave Hill National Cemetery, Cave Hill Cemetery, Jefferson County, Kentucky
18City Point National Cemetery, Hopewell, Hopewell City, Virginia
19Cold Harbor National Cemetery, Hanover County, Virginia
20Corinth National Cemetery, Corinth, Supervisor District 3, Alcorn County, Mississippi
21Crown Hill National Cemetery, Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis, Center Township, Marion County, Indiana
22Danville National Cemetery, Danville Township, Vermilion County, Illinois
23Fayetteville National Cemetery, Fayetteville, Fayetteville Township, Washington County, Arkansas
24Fort Leavenworth National Cemetery, Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas
25Togus National Cemetery, Chelsea Town, Kennebec County, Maine
26Fort Meade National Cemetery, Unorganized Territory of Southwest Meade, Meade County, South Dakota
27Old Fort Winnebago Cemetery, Fort Winnebago Town, Columbia County, Wisconsin
28Long Island National Cemetery, Suffolk County, New York
29National Memorial Cemetery of Arizona, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona
30Fort Scott National Cemetery, Fort Scott, Bourbon County, Kansas
31Fort Gibson National Cemetery, Fort Gibson, Muskogee County, Oklahoma



Note: The first Place-of-the-Day was in September 2010