Histopolis Place-of-the-Day

Histopolis features a different cemetery, town, county or other place every day on the Place-of-The-Day.

Saturday, October 23, 2010

The Histopolis Place-of-the-Day for Saturday, October 23, 2010 is the Fayetteville National Cemetery in Fayetteville, Fayetteville Township, Washington County, Arkansas.

"Fayetteville National Cemetery is located on the south side of Fayetteville, Ark., about one mile southwest of the old courthouse. Although Frank Pierce, a hunter and trapper, first visited what became the Fayetteville area in 1819, the town was not officially settled until 1828. Within a year, however, residents had built a courthouse and a post office and by 1835 it was officially designated a town. Subsequently, Fayetteville was surveyed, divided into lots and sold at public auction and by 1841, had a population of around four hundred people.

"By the beginning of the Civil War, Fayetteville had become a prosperous community. One Union soldier described it as “a beautiful little hamlet nestling among the foothills of the Ozark range…the chief education center of the state, the home of culture, refinement and that inborn hospitality so characteristic of the South.” On April 18,1863, this tranquility was interrupted by the fierce Battle of Fayetteville. Hoping to reverse the South’s waning fortunes, Confederate General William Cabell led 900 cavalry north from Ozark to attack federal forces occupying Fayetteville. The initial strike surprised most of the Union soldiers, some of who were enjoying a dance at a private home several miles outside of town, and others who were asleep. The federal forces were able to quickly recover and, primarily due to superior weapons, pushed back the Confederate charge.

"In 1867, the first five acres for the national cemetery were purchased from local residents David Walker and Stephen K. Stone. The original layout of the cemetery, according to a sketch, is of an outer circle surrounding a six-pointed star with diamonds between the points of the star and a flagpole in the center. There were eighteen sections with an estimated capacity of 1,800 graves. During World War II, the layout was revised and five sections were added.

"The first burials were the remains disinterred from local Civil War battlefields such as Pea Ridge, Prairie Grove and Elk Horn Tavern. Interments were originally made with the headstone and inscription facing the flagpole. An inspection report dated May 1871 states there were 1,210 interments in the cemetery, “the greater portion being unknown white soldiers.” When the new sections were added in the mid-20th century cemetery, the placement of headstones was altered so that the inscriptions face the interred remains.

"In 1989, the Regional National Cemetery Improvement Corporation, a group of citizens, veterans, and officials of the city of Fayetteville and the state of Arkansas, formed to raise funds to purchase land for the expansion of the cemetery. On Jan. 26, 1990, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs accepted their donation of three acres of land adjacent to the cemetery.

"Fayetteville National Cemetery was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on July 28, 1999 and later added to the Civil War Discovery Trail."

Explore Fayetteville National Cemetery on Histopolis now. If you have a place that you would like to see featured as the Histopolis Place-of-the-Day, contact the webmaster to suggest it.

October 2010

1Whatcom County, Washington
2Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington County, Virginia
3Barrancas National Cemetery, Escambia County, Florida
4Calverton National Cemetery, Suffolk County, New York
5Fort Logan National Cemetery, Denver, Denver County, Colorado
6Golden Gate National Cemetery, San Bruno, San Mateo County, California
7Indiantown Gap National Cemetery, East Hanover Township, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania
8Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery, San Diego, San Diego County, California
9Houston National Cemetery, Harris County, Texas
10Alexandria National Cemetery, Pineville, Rapides Parish, Louisiana
11Alton National Cemetery, Alton, Alton Township, Madison County, Illinois
12Balls Bluff National Cemetery, Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia
13Baltimore National Cemetery, Baltimore County, Maryland
14Bath National Cemetery, Steuben County, New York
15Beverly National Cemetery, Edgewater Park Township, Burlington County, New Jersey
16Black Hills National Cemetery, Unorganized Territory of Southwest Meade, Meade County, South Dakota
17Cave Hill National Cemetery, Cave Hill Cemetery, Jefferson County, Kentucky
18City Point National Cemetery, Hopewell, Hopewell City, Virginia
19Cold Harbor National Cemetery, Hanover County, Virginia
20Corinth National Cemetery, Corinth, Supervisor District 3, Alcorn County, Mississippi
21Crown Hill National Cemetery, Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis, Center Township, Marion County, Indiana
22Danville National Cemetery, Danville Township, Vermilion County, Illinois
23Fayetteville National Cemetery, Fayetteville, Fayetteville Township, Washington County, Arkansas
24Fort Leavenworth National Cemetery, Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas
25Togus National Cemetery, Chelsea Town, Kennebec County, Maine
26Fort Meade National Cemetery, Unorganized Territory of Southwest Meade, Meade County, South Dakota
27Old Fort Winnebago Cemetery, Fort Winnebago Town, Columbia County, Wisconsin
28Long Island National Cemetery, Suffolk County, New York
29National Memorial Cemetery of Arizona, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona
30Fort Scott National Cemetery, Fort Scott, Bourbon County, Kansas
31Fort Gibson National Cemetery, Fort Gibson, Muskogee County, Oklahoma



Note: The first Place-of-the-Day was in September 2010