Histopolis Place-of-the-Day

Histopolis features a different cemetery, town, county or other place every day on the Place-of-The-Day.

Friday, December 10, 2010

The Histopolis Place-of-the-Day for Friday, December 10, 2010 is the Marietta National Cemetery in Marietta, Cobb County, Georgia.

"Marietta National Cemetery is home to one of five monumental masonry archways that originally served as the formal entrance to national cemeteries found in the South. Three are managed by NCA: Marietta, Ga., built 1883; Chattanooga, Tenn., built ca.1880; and Nashville, Tenn., built ca.1870. These Roman-inspired structures are approximately 35 feet high with Doric columns, a pair of ornamental iron gates, and inscriptions above. The two other memorial arches are found at Arlington National Cemetery, built 1879, and Vicksburg National Cemetery, ca. 1880, properties managed by the Department of Defense and National Park Service, respectively.

"During the Civil War, forces under the command of General William Tecumseh Sherman moved in and occupied the town. For the next five months, federal troops held the city under siege. In November 1864, troops commanded by Union General Hugh Kilpatrick set the town on fire before embarking on their infamous “March to the Sea.”

"Originally known as the “Marietta and Atlanta National Cemetery,” the Marietta National Cemetery was established in 1866 to provide a suitable resting place for the nearly 10,000 Union dead from Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign. Henry Cole, a local merchant who remained loyal to the Union throughout the war, offered land for a burial ground for both Union and Confederate dead. His hope was that by honoring those who had fallen together, others might learn to live in peace. Unfortunately, both sides clung to their bitterness and neither North nor South would accept Cole’s offer toward reconciliation. When this effort failed, 24 acres were offered to General George H. Thomas for use of a national cemetery. In 1867 a second offer of land by Cole was accepted and a subsequent purchase of additional acreage in 1870 brought the cemetery to its present size of a little over 23 acres.

"The cemetery site was, at one time, the proposed location of the capital of the Confederate States of America. The same Henry Cole who had attempted to donate his land for the national cemetery had refused an offer of $50,000 for the property because he “expected to put it to a better purpose.” In recognition of Cole’s gift, the government made express provision that a burial plat be set-aside for members of his family. Cole died April 18,1875, and was buried in what is now called the Cole Plot.

"Daniel Webster Cole, son of the land donor, lived for many years in the family home across the street from the cemetery. A construction engineer, he drew the first map of the cemetery, which was later the basis for official layouts. The original sections of the cemetery were arranged in concentric circles around a flagstaff with paths radiating through the circles. The first interments were the remains of soldiers who had been buried where they fell. A granite memorial arch at the cemetery gate is inscribed: “Here rest the remains of 10,312 Officers and Soldiers who died in defense of the Union 1861-1865.” Marietta National Cemetery was laid out by Union Army Chaplain Thomas B. Van Horne, who also laid out the Chattanooga National Cemetery. One of the national cemeteries constructed between 1861-1869, the design for Marietta National Cemetery was the most ornate and elaborate of its era.

"Marietta National Cemetery was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on Sept. 18, 1998."

Explore Marietta National Cemetery on Histopolis now. If you have a place that you would like to see featured as the Histopolis Place-of-the-Day, contact the webmaster to suggest it.

December 2010

1Pine Grove Cemetery, Rock River Township, Alger County, Michigan
2Hampton National Cemetery, Hampton, Hampton City, Virginia
3Woodlawn Monument Site, Terre Haute, Harrison Township, Vigo County, Indiana
4Salisbury National Cemetery, Salisbury, Salisbury Township, Rowan County, North Carolina
5Loudon Park National Cemetery, Baltimore, Baltimore City, Maryland
6Jacksonville National Cemetery, Jacksonville, Duval County, Florida
7Tahoma National Cemetery, King County, Washington
8Alexandria National Cemetery, Alexandria, Alexandria City, Virginia
9New Albany National Cemetery, New Albany, New Albany Township, Floyd County, Indiana
10Marietta National Cemetery, Marietta, Cobb County, Georgia
11Sacramento Valley VA National Cemetery, Solano County, California
12Baton Rouge National Cemetery, Baton Rouge, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana
13Fort Jackson National Cemetery, Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina
14Ohio Western Reserve National Cemetery, Rittman, Medina County, Ohio
15Veterans Cemetery, Jackson County, Oregon
16National Cemetery, Santa Fe, Santa Fe County, New Mexico
17Raleigh National Cemetery, Raleigh Township, Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina
18South Florida VA National Cemetery, Palm Beach County, Florida
19Soldiers' Lot, Woodlawn Cemetery, Middlesex County, Massachusetts
20Beaufort National Cemetery, Beaufort, Beaufort County, South Carolina
21Dallas - Fort Worth National Cemetery, Dallas, Dallas County, Texas
22Wilmington National Cemetery, Wilmington, Wilmington Township, New Hanover County, North Carolina
23Camp Nelson National Cemetery, Jessamine County, Kentucky
24Prescott National Cemetery, Prescott, Yavapai County, Arizona
25Glendale National Cemetery, Henrico County, Virginia
26Florence National Cemetery, Florence, Florence County, South Carolina
27National Cemetery of the Alleghenies, Cecil Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania
28Leavenworth National Cemetery, Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas
29National Cemetery, New York City, Brooklyn Borough, Kings County, New York
30Bay Pines National Cemetery, Pinellas County, Florida
31Chattanooga National Cemetery, Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee



Note: The first Place-of-the-Day was in September 2010