Histopolis Place-of-the-Day

Histopolis features a different cemetery, town, county or other place every day on the Place-of-The-Day.

Wednesday, December 22, 2010

The Histopolis Place-of-the-Day for Wednesday, December 22, 2010 is the Wilmington National Cemetery in Wilmington, Wilmington Township, New Hanover County, North Carolina.

"Wilmington National Cemetery is located in New Hanover County near downtown Wilmington, N.C., on the Cape Fear River.

"During the Civil War, Wilmington harbor was one of the most significant importation depots for the South, and as such mines and underwater explosives protected it. In addition, the heavily armed Fort Fisher guarded the entrance to the harbor. Until the last few months of the Civil War, Fort Fisher kept the port of Wilmington open to blockade-runners supplying necessary goods to Confederate armies inland. Unlike older fortifications built of brick and mortar, Fort Fisher was made mostly of earth and sand, which was ideal for absorbing the shock of heavy explosives. By 1865, the supply line through Wilmington was the last remaining route open to Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia.

"The Union army and navy planned several attacks on Fort Fisher and Wilmington, but made no attempt until Dec. 24, 1864. After two days of fighting and little headway, Union commanders concluded the fort was too strong and withdrew. However, they returned for a second attempt on Jan. 12, 1865, and for more than two days federal ships bombarded it from land and sea. Three days later, more than 3,300 Union infantry, including the 27th U.S. Colored Troops, attacked. After several hours of fierce combat, Union troops captured the fort. The Confederate army evacuated their remaining forts in the Cape Fear area and within weeks Union forces overran Wilmington. Once Wilmington fell, the Confederacy’s supply line was severed and the Civil War was soon over.

"In 1867, land was purchased from a local Wilmington resident for the construction of a national cemetery. Most of the original interments were remains removed from the Wilmington City Cemetery, Fort Fisher, Fort Johnson and the surrounding area. An inspection dated May 13, 1870, reports 2,039 interments, including 698 known and 1,341 unknown graves marked by headboards.

"Also buried in Wilmington National Cemetery are the remains of a group of Puerto Rican laborers who fell victim to the great influenza epidemic of 1918. On Nov. 14, 1918, the Wilmington Morning Star reported an outbreak of influenza on a ship docked in the Cape Fear River. The government vessel, City of Savannah, had arrived two days earlier carrying 1,900 Puerto Ricans to Fayetteville to aid in the construction of Camp Bragg. By the time the ship left Wilmington harbor, 28 of the Puerto Rican laborers had been buried at the national cemetery.

"Wilmington National Cemetery was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1997."

Explore Wilmington National Cemetery on Histopolis now. If you have a place that you would like to see featured as the Histopolis Place-of-the-Day, contact the webmaster to suggest it.

December 2010

1Pine Grove Cemetery, Rock River Township, Alger County, Michigan
2Hampton National Cemetery, Hampton, Hampton City, Virginia
3Woodlawn Monument Site, Terre Haute, Harrison Township, Vigo County, Indiana
4Salisbury National Cemetery, Salisbury, Salisbury Township, Rowan County, North Carolina
5Loudon Park National Cemetery, Baltimore, Baltimore City, Maryland
6Jacksonville National Cemetery, Jacksonville, Duval County, Florida
7Tahoma National Cemetery, King County, Washington
8Alexandria National Cemetery, Alexandria, Alexandria City, Virginia
9New Albany National Cemetery, New Albany, New Albany Township, Floyd County, Indiana
10Marietta National Cemetery, Marietta, Cobb County, Georgia
11Sacramento Valley VA National Cemetery, Solano County, California
12Baton Rouge National Cemetery, Baton Rouge, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana
13Fort Jackson National Cemetery, Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina
14Ohio Western Reserve National Cemetery, Rittman, Medina County, Ohio
15Veterans Cemetery, Jackson County, Oregon
16National Cemetery, Santa Fe, Santa Fe County, New Mexico
17Raleigh National Cemetery, Raleigh Township, Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina
18South Florida VA National Cemetery, Palm Beach County, Florida
19Soldiers' Lot, Woodlawn Cemetery, Middlesex County, Massachusetts
20Beaufort National Cemetery, Beaufort, Beaufort County, South Carolina
21Dallas - Fort Worth National Cemetery, Dallas, Dallas County, Texas
22Wilmington National Cemetery, Wilmington, Wilmington Township, New Hanover County, North Carolina
23Camp Nelson National Cemetery, Jessamine County, Kentucky
24Prescott National Cemetery, Prescott, Yavapai County, Arizona
25Glendale National Cemetery, Henrico County, Virginia
26Florence National Cemetery, Florence, Florence County, South Carolina
27National Cemetery of the Alleghenies, Cecil Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania
28Leavenworth National Cemetery, Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas
29National Cemetery, New York City, Brooklyn Borough, Kings County, New York
30Bay Pines National Cemetery, Pinellas County, Florida
31Chattanooga National Cemetery, Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee



Note: The first Place-of-the-Day was in September 2010