Histopolis Place-of-the-Day

Histopolis features a different cemetery, town, county or other place every day on the Place-of-The-Day.

Sunday, January 9, 2011

The Histopolis Place-of-the-Day for Sunday, January 9, 2011 is the Fort Sill National Cemetery in Comanche County, Oklahoma.

"Fort Sill National Cemetery in Elgin, Okla., was dedicated on Nov. 2, 2001. The Fort Sill National Cemetery was the second national cemetery to be constructed in Oklahoma and became the 120th national cemetery to be administered by the National Cemetery Administration. Fort Sill National Cemetery lies in southwestern Oklahoma, approximately 75 miles from Oklahoma City and five miles north of Lawton. Land for the national cemetery was transferred from the Department of the Army’s Ft. Sill Military Reservation in 1998.

"The cemetery is situated on land that was once Indian Territory. A military reservation was staked out in January 1869 by Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan and was formally established as Camp Wichita the following month. Sheridan later renamed the garrison as Fort Sill in honor of fellow West Point classmate, Brigadier General Joshua W. Sill, who died in the Battle of Stones’ River during the Civil War. Fort Sill's mission was one of law enforcement for the expanding American frontier. The arrival of the Quohada Comanches to Fort Sill in June 1875 marked the end of Indian warfare of the south Plains.

"In the 1890s, Apache Chief Geronimo and 341 other Apache prisoners of war were brought to Fort Sill by the government. Geronimo was granted permission to travel briefly with Pawnee Bill's Wild West Show and also visited with President Theodore Roosevelt. Geronimo died of pneumonia at Fort Sill on Feb. 17, 1909, at the age of 83 and is buried in the post cemetery at Fort Sill. Lt. Hugh L. Scott instructed the remaining Apache prisoners of war on how to build houses, raise crops and herd cattle. Many spent the remainder of their lives at Fort Sill.

"The last Native American lands in Oklahoma opened for settlement in 1901 and 29,000 homesteaders registered at Fort Sill for the land lottery during July. On August 6 of that year, the town of Lawton sprang up and quickly grew to become the third-largest city in Oklahoma. As of 2005, Lawton currently is the fourth largest city in Oklahoma, having fallen behind Norman in the last census. With the disappearance of the frontier, the mission of Fort Sill gradually changed from cavalry to field artillery. The first artillery battery arrived at Fort Sill in 1902 and the last cavalry regiment departed in May 1907.

"The School of Fire for the Field Artillery was founded at Fort Sill in 1911 and continues to operate today as the world-renowned U.S. Army Field Artillery School. In 2007, the Fort Bliss Air Defense was added to Fort Sill, they both operate under one umbrella called the Fires Center of Excellence. At various times, Fort Sill has also served as home to the Infantry School of Musketry, the School for Aerial Observers, the Air Service Flying School and the Army Aviation School. Today the U.S. Army Field Artillery Center at Fort Sill remains the only active Army installation to continuously serve the Southern Plains since the Indian Wars."

Explore Fort Sill National Cemetery on Histopolis now. If you have a place that you would like to see featured as the Histopolis Place-of-the-Day, contact the webmaster to suggest it.

January 2011

1Hampton VA National Cemetery, Hampton, Hampton City, Virginia
2Sarasota VA National Cemetery, Sarasota County, Florida
3New Bern National Cemetery, Township 8, New Bern, Craven County, North Carolina
4Georgia National Cemetery, Cherokee County, Georgia
5Woodlawn National Cemetery, Elmira, Chemung County, New York
6Richmond National Cemetery, Henrico County, Virginia
7Missouri Veterans Cemetery, Springfield, Springfield Township, Greene County, Missouri
8Great Lakes National Cemetery, Holly Township, Oakland County, Michigan
9Fort Sill National Cemetery, Comanche County, Oklahoma
10Seven Pines National Cemetery, Henrico County, Virginia
11National Cemetery, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania
12National Cemetery, Hot Springs, Fall River County, South Dakota
13Keokuk National Cemetery, Keokuk, Lee County, Iowa
14Mountain Home National Cemetery, Johnson City, Washington County, Tennessee
15Fort Richardson National Cemetery, Anchorage, Anchorage Municipality, Alaska
16Bakersfield National Cemetery, Kern County, California
17Gerald B.H. Solomon Saratoga National Cemetery, Saratoga County, New York
18Fort Smith National Cemetery, Fort Smith, Upper Township, Sebastian County, Arkansas
19Soldiers' Lot, Mound Cemetery, Racine, Racine County, Wisconsin
20San Francisco National Cemetery, San Francisco, San Francisco County, California
21Nashville National Cemetery, Davidson County, Tennessee
22Government Lots, Congressional Cemetery, Washington, District of Columbia
23Annapolis National Cemetery, Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland
24Fort Lyon National Cemetery, Bent County, Colorado
25Nachez National Cemetery, Supervisor District 4, Natchez, Adams County, Mississippi
26Massachusetts National Cemetery, Barnstable County, Massachusetts
27Lexington National Cemetery, Lexington-Fayette, Fayette County, Kentucky
28Camp Butler National Cemetery, Clear Lake Township, Sangamon County, Illinois
29Abraham Lincoln National Cemetery, Jackson Township, Will County, Illinois
30National Cemetery, Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee
31Washington Crossing National Cemetery, Upper Makefield Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania



Note: The first Place-of-the-Day was in September 2010