Histopolis Place-of-the-Day

Histopolis features a different cemetery, town, county or other place every day on the Place-of-The-Day.

Tuesday, February 1, 2011

The Histopolis Place-of-the-Day for Tuesday, February 1, 2011 is the Mobile National Cemetery in Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama.

"Mobile National Cemetery was established in 1865 after the Port of Mobile fell into Union hands under the assault of Rear Admiral David Farragut during the Civil War.

"Two years after defeating the Confederate fleet at Vicksburg, Farragut was summoned from his New York home to lead an attack on Mobile Bay, the last Confederate stronghold in the Gulf of Mexico. Mobile was not only protected by Fort Morgan and a fleet of wooden vessels, but also by the formidable confederate ship, the Tennessee and a field of explosive mines called torpedoes. Undaunted, Farragut readied his fleet for battle. Using a strategy that had worked before, he ordered his wooden ships lashed together in pairs, one large ship and one small ship. In this manner, if the larger frigate was disabled in battle, the smaller vessel could tow it to safety.

"Farragut’s fleet of wooden ships, along with four small ironclad monitors, began the attack on Mobile Bay early in the morning of Aug. 5, 1864. When the smoke of battle became so thick that he couldn’t see, Farragut climbed the rigging of the Hartford and lashed himself near the top of the mainsail to get a better view. It wasn’t long before the Tecumseh, one of the monitors leading the way, was struck by a torpedo and sank. In a state of confusion, the fleet came to a halt in front of the powerful guns of Fort Morgan. Realizing the fleet was reluctant to move forward due to the “infernal machines,” Farragut rallied his men to victory, shouting: “Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead!”

"The Union fleet steamed through the minefield, blasted Fort Morgan, and captured the Confederate ironclad Tennessee. Mobile Bay fell into Union hands in one of the most decisive naval victories of the Civil War.

"When Union forces first took Mobile, they interred their casualties in portions of the city-owned Magnolia Cemetery, but following the Army’s request for additional burial space, Mobile provided the Union troops with three acres. The first interments were remains from surrounding military sites and forts. An inspector’s report of the cemetery, dated February 1871, states that of 841 burials only 124 were identified. In 1872, the Army ranked Mobile a first-class cemetery, a categorization probably based on size and activity; by 1876 it was reassessed as a second-class cemetery.

"In addition to the number of Civil War dead, a number of Apache Indians are buried in Mobile National Cemetery. After Geronimo’s surrender, members of the Apache nation were first sent to Florida, then transferred to Vernon Barracks. During their time at the barracks, 13 fell ill and were subsequently buried here, including Chappo, the son of the great Apache leader Geronimo.

"Mobile National Cemetery was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986."

Explore Mobile National Cemetery on Histopolis now. If you have a place that you would like to see featured as the Histopolis Place-of-the-Day, contact the webmaster to suggest it.

February 2011

1Mobile National Cemetery, Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama
2Jefferson City National Cemetery, Jefferson City, Jefferson Township, Cole County, Missouri
3Roseburg Veterans Cemetery, Roseburg, Douglas County, Oregon
4Union Confederate Monument, Union Cemetery, Kansas City, Kaw Township, Jackson County, Missouri
5Quantico National Cemetery, Prince William County, Virginia
6San Antonio National Cemetery, San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas
7Fort Bayard National Cemetery, Grant County, New Mexico
8Kerrville National Cemetery, Kerrville, Kerr County, Texas
9Biloxi National Cemetery, Biloxi, Supervisor District 1, Harrison County, Mississippi
10Winchester National Cemetery, Winchester, Winchester City, Virginia
11Alabama National Cemetery, Shelby County, Alabama
12National Military Cemetery, Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio
13Saint Francois County, Missouri
14Lincoln Parish, Louisiana
15Conecuh County, Alabama
16Saint Tammany Parish, Louisiana
17Aroostook County, Maine
18Sumner County, Tennessee
19Hendricks County, Indiana
20Carroll County, New Hampshire
21Dakota County, Nebraska
22Madison County, Kentucky
23Allegany County, Maryland
24Becker County, Minnesota
25Mitchell County, North Carolina
26Kootenai County, Idaho
27Sumter County, South Carolina
28Miami County, Kansas



Note: The first Place-of-the-Day was in September 2010