Histopolis Place-of-the-Day

Histopolis features a different cemetery, town, county or other place every day on the Place-of-The-Day.

Friday, January 7, 2011

The Histopolis Place-of-the-Day for Friday, January 7, 2011 is the Missouri Veterans Cemetery in Springfield, Springfield Township, Greene County, Missouri.

"Springfield National Cemetery is located on what was once the Kickapoo Prairie in Green County, Mo.

"Settlers began arriving in southwest Missouri in 1822, making their way north up the James River and its tributaries. But it was only after removal of the Kickapoo and Delaware Indians in 1830 that permanent settlement became possible. John Polk Campbell is credited as the founder of Springfield. He arrived with his brother Madison in 1829, and upon finding a viable water supply carved his initials on an ash tree to establish his claim. Other settlers arrived almost daily and it was not long before a settlement developed, complete with stores, mills, a school and post office. By 1838 the town had been officially incorporated.

"In 1861, Springfield was the site of the Missouri State Convention to determine its future as part of the Union. The governor favored secession. Delegates urged approval of the Crittendon Resolutions (then before Congress), which would have legalized slavery where it already existed, and would let new states decide their own rights and would reimburse slave owners for losses caused by abolitionist raids. Delegates ultimately decided against secession and opposed any military action by either side; but if the federal government declared war on the South, they would join the Confederate ranks.

"The Battle of Wilson Creek, the first major Civil War engagement west of the Mississippi River, was fought in Springfield on Aug. 10, 1861, and involved about 5,400 Union troops and 12,000 Confederates. Although the battle was a Confederate victory, the South failed to capitalize on its success; it led to greater federal military activity in Missouri and set the stage for the Battle of Pea Ridge in March 1862.

"Many men who died at the Battle of Wilson Creek would eventually be buried at Springfield National Cemetery, established in 1867 when the city purchased five acres for a burial plot. In 1911, the Confederate Cemetery Association (CCA) donated six acres, two of which were enclosed by a stone wall. Along with the land came the provision that burials would be restricted to men who died serving the Confederacy. Through a series of amendments to this provision in 1948, 1957 and 1984, all eligible veterans are now permitted in this portion of the cemetery. An 1871 cemetery inspection report recorded 832 known and 689 unknown interments in the cemetery. It continued, “A very worthless superintendent was in charge last year, and the cemetery was sadly neglected. This year it has been put in good order.”

"Springfield National Cemetery was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999."

Explore Missouri Veterans Cemetery on Histopolis now. If you have a place that you would like to see featured as the Histopolis Place-of-the-Day, contact the webmaster to suggest it.

January 2011

DayPlace
1Hampton VA National Cemetery, Hampton, Hampton City, Virginia
2Sarasota VA National Cemetery, Sarasota County, Florida
3New Bern National Cemetery, Township 8, New Bern, Craven County, North Carolina
4Georgia National Cemetery, Cherokee County, Georgia
5Woodlawn National Cemetery, Elmira, Chemung County, New York
6Richmond National Cemetery, Henrico County, Virginia
7Missouri Veterans Cemetery, Springfield, Springfield Township, Greene County, Missouri
8Great Lakes National Cemetery, Holly Township, Oakland County, Michigan
9Fort Sill National Cemetery, Comanche County, Oklahoma
10Seven Pines National Cemetery, Henrico County, Virginia
11National Cemetery, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania
12National Cemetery, Hot Springs, Fall River County, South Dakota
13Keokuk National Cemetery, Keokuk, Lee County, Iowa
14Mountain Home National Cemetery, Johnson City, Washington County, Tennessee
15Fort Richardson National Cemetery, Anchorage, Anchorage Municipality, Alaska
16Bakersfield National Cemetery, Kern County, California
17Gerald B.H. Solomon Saratoga National Cemetery, Saratoga County, New York
18Fort Smith National Cemetery, Fort Smith, Upper Township, Sebastian County, Arkansas
19Soldiers' Lot, Mound Cemetery, Racine, Racine County, Wisconsin
20San Francisco National Cemetery, San Francisco, San Francisco County, California
21Nashville National Cemetery, Davidson County, Tennessee
22Government Lots, Congressional Cemetery, Washington, District of Columbia
23Annapolis National Cemetery, Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland
24Fort Lyon National Cemetery, Bent County, Colorado
25Nachez National Cemetery, Supervisor District 4, Natchez, Adams County, Mississippi
26Massachusetts National Cemetery, Barnstable County, Massachusetts
27Lexington National Cemetery, Lexington-Fayette, Fayette County, Kentucky
28Camp Butler National Cemetery, Clear Lake Township, Sangamon County, Illinois
29Abraham Lincoln National Cemetery, Jackson Township, Will County, Illinois
30National Cemetery, Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee
31Washington Crossing National Cemetery, Upper Makefield Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania

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Note: The first Place-of-the-Day was in September 2010