Histopolis Place-of-the-Day

Histopolis features a different cemetery, town, county or other place every day on the Place-of-The-Day.

Thursday, November 4, 2010

The Histopolis Place-of-the-Day for Thursday, November 4, 2010 is the Finns Point National Cemetery in Pennsville Township, Salem County, New Jersey.

"Finn’s Point National Cemetery is located about six miles northwest of Salem, N.J., at the north end of what was Fort Mott Military Reservation. Today, the picturesque cemetery is entirely surrounded by the Killchohook National Wildlife Refuge and is adjacent to Fort Mott State Park. Originally, the United States purchased the land for the construction of the Finn’s Point Battery to protect the Port of Philadelphia. By 1863, however, the grounds increasingly served as a burial site for Confederate prisoners of war who died while imprisoned at Fort Delaware.

"Fort Delaware was on Pea Patch Island in the Delaware River, one mile east of Delaware City. The island was named after a colonial-era tale that a boat loaded with peas ran aground on a river shoal, and the peas sprouted in the sandy loam. In 1847, Congress appropriated $1 million to construct the largest modern coastal defense fort in the nation here, surpassing Fort Sumter in size, to protect the ports of Wilmington, Del., and Philadelphia. In April 1862, Fort Delaware received its first POWs—358 Confederate soldiers from the Battle of Kernstown, Va. By January 1866 when the prison closed, approximately 22,773 men occupied the fort, including soldiers, officers and other prisoners.

"An estimated 2,502 men died while imprisoned at Fort Delaware. Even prior to its designation as a national cemetery, the remains of POWs were transported to Finn’s Point across the river for burial. When weather or ice made trips to the mainland hazardous, it was necessary to bury the bodies on Pea Patch Island. On May 12, 1875, Virginia Gov. James L. Kemper wrote to the secretary of war concerning the neglected Confederate graves on Pea Patch Island. In response, Gen. E.D. Townsend advised the governor that Finn’s Point would be made a national cemetery and the remains of soldiers—both Union and Confederate—would be reinterred there. Finn’s Point was official declared a national cemetery Oct. 3, 1875.

"Today, the small cemetery is nearly surrounded by tidal marshes and tall grass that encroach the stone enclosure walls. The Meigs lodge is a particularly elegant construction of stone with contrasting quoins and other architectural details. Finn’s Point National Cemetery was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978."

Explore Finns Point National Cemetery on Histopolis now. If you have a place that you would like to see featured as the Histopolis Place-of-the-Day, contact the webmaster to suggest it.

November 2010

1Riverside National Cemetery, Riverside County, California
2Quincy National Cemetery, Quincy, Quincy Township, Adams County, Illinois
3Fort Custer National Cemetery, Ross Township, Kalamazoo County, Michigan
4Finns Point National Cemetery, Pennsville Township, Salem County, New Jersey
5Fort McPherson National Cemetery, Maxwell Precinct, Lincoln County, Nebraska
6Wood National Cemetery, Milwaukee, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin
7Mound City National Cemetery, Mound City Precinct, Pulaski County, Illinois
8West Virginia National Cemetery, Taylor County, West Virginia
9Lebanon National Cemetery, Lebanon, Marion County, Kentucky
10Rock Island National Cemetery, Moline Township, Rock Island County, Illinois
11Little Rock National Cemetery, Little Rock, Big Rock Township, Pulaski County, Arkansas
12San Joaquin Valley National Cemetery, Merced County, California
13Marion National Cemetery, Marion, Center Township, Grant County, Indiana
14Port Hudson National Cemetery, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana
15Fort Mitchell National Cemetery, Russell County, Alabama
16Mill Springs National Cemetery, Pulaski County, Kentucky
17Springfield National Cemetery, Springfield, Springfield Township, Greene County, Missouri
18Saint Augustine National Cemetery, Saint Augustine, Saint Johns County, Florida
19Confederate Cemetery, Alton, Alton Township, Madison County, Illinois
20Staunton National Cemetery, Staunton, Staunton City, Virginia
21Soldiers' Lot, Woodland Cemetery, Mound City, Mound City Township, Linn County, Kansas
22Soldiers' Lot, Baxter Springs Cemetery, Spring Valley Township, Cherokee County, Kansas
23Puerto Rico National Cemetery, Bayamón, Hato Tejas Barrio, Bayamón Municipio, Puerto Rico
24Los Angeles National Cemetery, Los Angeles County, California
25Memphis National Cemetery, Memphis, Shelby County, Tennessee
26Grafton National Cemetery, Grafton, Taylor County, West Virginia
27Crown Hill Confederate Plot, Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis, Marion County, Indiana
28Soldiers' Lot, Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Augusta, Kennebec County, Maine
29Fort Bliss National Cemetery, El Paso County, Texas
30Congressional Cemetery, Washington, District of Columbia



Note: The first Place-of-the-Day was in September 2010